UC Fit Health-Fitness Assessments
Collaboration and Support:
UC Fit is suited to assist the mission of the EPRL by providing fee-based support for a variety of research studies, including collaborations with other labs, NIH funded projects, non-government foundation awards, and partnering with industry. UC Fit has facilities, equipment and personnel to assist with research design, data collection and outcome measure interpretation. Director Dr. Brett A. Dolezal has an extensive research background, both in clinical and applied exercise physiology, and serve as research team members of many externally funded studies.
Assessment and Rationale:
As evidence rapidly continues to evolve regarding the innumerable health benefits of physical activity and exercise, the importance of ascertaining one’s fitness level is becoming more sought-after and commonplace. Health and fitness measures are closely allied with disease prevention and health promotion and can be modified through regular physical activity and exercise. The rationales of UC Fit health-fitness assessments include the following:
- Educating participants about their present fitness status relative to health-related standards and age- and sex-matched norms
- Providing data that are helpful in the development of exercise prescriptions to address all components of wellness
- Collecting baseline and follow-up data (i.e., ‘progress monitoring’) that allows evaluation of exercise program progress or digress
- Evaluation of other therapeutic lifestyle interventions (e.g., nutrition, weight management)
- Motivating participants by establishing reasonable and attainable fitness goals
- Identification of specific physiological limitations, and (vii) identifying those at risk of untoward future events and determining appropriate targets for risk-reducing efforts.
List of Assessments
- Aerobic Performance
- Aerobic performance, or cardiorespiratory fitness, is one’s ability to perform dynamic exercise at moderate-high intensities, utilizing large muscle groups, for prolonged periods.
- Pulmonary Function Body Composition
- Pulmonary function tests are a broad range of tests that measure lung function – i.e. how well the lungs move air in and out of the body and how efficiently they transfer oxygen to and carbon dioxide from the blood.
- Body Composition
- Body composition is a breakdown of the total mass of a human body into a ratio of comprising tissues, including bone, organs, fascia, tendons, ligaments, muscle, and fat. In medical and athletic environments, body composition is typically considered in two categories: lean body mass and body fat (or fat-free-mass and fat mass). Based on total body fat percentages, individuals can be quantitatively categorized as either underweight, healthy, overweight, obese or morbidly obese.
- Muscle Performance
- Muscle performance consists of muscular strength, muscular endurance, muscular power, and anaerobic power, and is an integral portion of both health- and sport-related fitness. Muscular strength is defined as the maximal force that can be generated by a muscle group. Muscular endurance is the ability of a muscle group to repeatedly perform muscle contractions over a period of time that is sufficient to cause muscular fatigue.
- Functional Movement Screen
- The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a ranking and grading system consisting of seven movement patterns that are foundations of normal movement. The FMS analyzes the contribution of the entire body to each movement, giving an accurate picture of how our bodies actual function in day-to-day life. By screening these patterns, which include elements of stability, mobility, and symmetry of movement, the FMS readily identifies functional limitations and determines future risk of injury.
- Total Energy (Caloric) Expenditure
- Total energy expenditure is amount of energy required to sustain and move the body each day and is the sum of three components: resting energy expenditure, dietary thermogenesis (the energy expenditure of digestion), and activity thermogenesis (the energy expenditure of activity).
- Sleep Quality
- Sleep quality is a measure of how effectively the body restores function, both physically and cognitively, during long periods of rest. Total time asleep and proper cycling between sleep stages are important components of sleep quality.
- Cardiovascular Health Risk & HRV
- Cardiovascular disease refers to any disease that affects the cardiovascular system, principally heart disease, vascular diseases of the brain and kidney, and peripheral arterial disease.
- Posture refers to the alignment of our body segments at any moment in time during a given activity. Poor posture can be the result of bone or muscle disease, but is more commonly due to repetitive motions, poorly designed work or recreational environments (ergonomics), and bad habits. A healthy body usually adopts proper standing posture when the individual imagines a string pulling them up from the top of their head.
- Performance Tracking
- Performance tracking involves the aggregation of one’s physiological metrics in various settings during exercise, activities-of-daily living, and sleep.